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The Complete COVID-19 Crisis Communication Plan

March 24, 2020 Jeff Bradford

An event like the COVID-19 pandemic requires public relations and communications professionals, and the business leaders they work with, to be at the top of their game. Which means they need a plan. This situation is too big to wing it. Presented below is a template for creating your COVID-19 crisis communications plan.

woman wearing face mask

Create a task force

  • Bring together leaders from across your company to identify and prioritize issues, with all major functions and regions represented
  • In larger companies the senior communications leader should usually head up this effort
  • In smaller companies the CEO should lead
  • Task force team should establish strategic imperatives, communication protocols and a meeting rhythm

Participants will likely include a leader from:

  • Human resources
  • Legal
  • Operations/facilities
  • Finance/accounting
  • Sales and customer service
  • Marketing/communications

Determine command and decision-making structure

  • Who must be involved in all decisions? Who is optional, but helpful?
  • Who is the ultimate authority for key decisions? What is a key decision?
  • Who is the authority for all other decisions


Prioritize issues of greatest urgency

The top priority is ensuring the safety of employees, customers, vendors and other stakeholders

Immediate decisions could include:

  • What do we do to keep our employees safe?
  • Which customers are most likely to be significantly affected by the pandemic? What can we do to help them?
  • Which customers are likely to leave because of this crisis? Why and what can we proactively do to prevent this?
  • Should we cancel, postpone or reschedule events?
  • Should we use videoconferencing or conference calls instead of in-person customer, employee or vendor meetings?
  • How do we determine whether employees should travel for business?
  • How do we handle internal meetings?
  • When do we require employees to work remotely? Does it apply to all employees? If not, which ones?
  • How will we ensure that employees who work remotely have the tools required to do their job? How will we help remote teams work productively together?
  • How will we support employees if their children are kept home from school?

Key areas for the team to deal with:

Business continuity: what must be done to ensure the business survives
  • Forecast possible scenarios and possible responses:
    • Lose major customer
    • Lose significant number of customers
    • Employee tests positive
    • Several employees test positive at a certain location
    • Several employees test positive across the company
    • An employee is hospitalized from the virus
    • An employee dies from the virus
      • Anytime an employee tests positive, tell the employees with whom the infected employees has been in contact that they have been exposed to the virus.
      • But don’t reveal the infected employee’s name. Always be proactive about protecting employee privacy and confidentiality
      • The CDC has four risk categories for individuals. It might be helpful to share this information with employees, and they may be reassured to learn that they are not at risk.
Safe customers
  • Let customers know what steps you have taken to protect them from exposure to the virus
  • Let customers know what the company has done to assure that their business needs will continue to be met during the crisis
  • Determine how to discover and respond to customer pain points during the crisis
  • Consider providing an FAQ document with business questions your customers may ask and/or setting up a hotline
  • Stay in regular touch with customers – share all updates; connect with them at least weekly, even to say that “all is clear”
  • Focus on empathy rather than trying to create selling opportunities
Safe workplace
Safe communities
  • See this crisis as an opportunity to enhance relationships with your local communities. Some ideas include:
    • Providing resources such as cleaning supplies or food for those in quarantine
    • Providing transparency about what is happening within the company rather than remaining silent
    • Providing information to local media to help calm communities down

Look for opportunities to do something extraordinary

Once top priority safety issues are decided, think about how your response to this crisis can enhance your company’s reputation with employees, customers, vendors, government officials, shareholders, centers of influence, the general public, etc.

  • Think about how this crisis will affect your industry specifically and how your response can make a difference. For example:
    • A company that provides group collaboration software could provide the service at no cost or at a discount
    • A financial services company could provide extra staff at drive-up windows so that customers don’t have to come inside the branch and aren’t delayed by long lines at the drive up

Develop a process to deal with changing situations

  • First, decide what actions to take based on what is known today
  • Then, create a system for identifying and responding to changing situations. This system should include:
    • How will we monitor changes?
      • Be sure to monitor communications updates from your industry’s leading associations, as well as public health organizations
    • What are the criteria for deciding the importance of changes?
    • Who will be notified about significant changes?
    • Who will craft the response plan and communications?
    • Who will approve the response?
    • How do we ensure all of this happens quickly?
  • The output of this exercise is not necessarily a list of actions, but a detailed process for how new developments will be identified and incorporated into the existing plan
  • Keep in mind that disinformation travels as fast or faster than accurate information

Prepare the communications engine

  • Create templates for common types of content that can be created as needed.
    • Press releases
    • Statements
    • Blogs
    • Social media posts
    • Emails
    • Newsletter stories
    • Talking points
  • Set up expedited legal vetting process
  • Work with digital teams to decide how to convey content through company’s owned channels, such as website, blogs, social media channels, newsletters, etc.

Prepare for media inquiries

  • Prepare spokespeople – from CEO to the receptionist – with media training and concise answers that can be given without addition approvals or escalation paths.
    • Only specific, appointed people from your company’s coronavirus task force should be communicating about the company’s situation with employees and external audiences (media, investors, customers, suppliers, local government, etc.).
    • Keep in mind that this is likely not the best time to release company news about new products, etc. Media outlets are devoting their limited resources to covering the coronavirus story.
  • Most companies will not want to comment on how the virus is or is not affecting their business
    • We recommend that organizations only discuss their policies relating to the outbreak, their advice to employees on staying healthy, and their plans to keep meeting customer needs
  • Brainstorm possible media questions and responses, such as:
    • Is production capacity guaranteed?
    • Are responsibilities within your company for addressing aspects of the virus outbreak clear?
    • Is there plan in place for dealing with the virus?
    • What have you done to protect your employees?

Map communication strategies to audiences

  • What is the most important information for the specific audience in question? What is their emotional context?
  • What is the objective of the communication?
  • How should we best deliver it?
  • For regional audiences, what cultural norms do we need to be aware of?
  • Segment the audience in as granular a form as needed to address the specific scenario

Maintain open communications with employees.

  • One of the first priorities should be to plan for how communications will flow internally:
    • The channels and cadence that employees can expect to receive information
    • Determine alternative communications channels if the normal channels (which may occur in a face-to-face environment) are not available
    • Remember that employees are a channel, and if you enable them with content, they can extend the reach of your information and credibility with audiences
  • Do everything you can to protect your people – and the little things matter
    • Showing you care during a crisis will never be forgotten
  • Be open and frequent with communications
    • Even if you have “no news,” simply say so
    • Communicating nearly every day – at least 3 times a week – is essential

If you’d like assistance creating your plan, we’re ready to help. Contact us at

One comment on “The Complete COVID-19 Crisis Communication Plan
  1. Michelle Monahan says:

    Thank you for providing this incredibly concise article. After extensive research online it was the best resource we found to use as a foundation for building our own crisis communication plan. We are a very small operation so not everything applied to us, but because it was outlined so clearly we were easily able to adapt the information to our needs.

    Much appreciation!

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